深入理解Eureka - Eureka数据结构


Eureka Client注册后,会将服务信息存储在Eureka Server中。

Eureka Server的核心接口是com.netflix.eureka.registry.InstanceRegistry,里面定义了注册、续约、退出、剔除等方法。org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.InstanceRegistry是Spring Cloud基于Netflix实现的包装,其服务存储的核心在com.netflix.eureka.registry.AbstractInstanceRegistry里。

Eureka服务数据结构

服务存储的数据结构是双层的HashMap,且是线程安全的ConcurrentHashMap。具体实现在AbstractInstanceRegistry的成员变量registry:

private final ConcurrentHashMap<String, Map<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>>> registry

= new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Map<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>>>();

启动服务并注册后debug下registry的内容:

可见registry的数据结构如图:

第一层的ConcurrentHashMap的key=spring.application.name,也就是应用名;value为ConcurrentHashMap。

第二层的ConcurrentHashMap的key=instanceId,也就是服务的唯一实例ID,value为Lease对象,也就是具体的服务了。

Lease其实是对InstanceInfo的包装,里面保存了实例信息以及一些实例服务注册相关的时间。如注册时间registrationTimestamp、最新的续约时间lastUpdateTimestamp等。

InstanceInfo是具体的服务实例信息,里面保存了服务实例等详细信息。如instanceId、IP、port、健康检查URL等等。

Eureka服务数据存储过程

Eureka是通过REST接口对外提供服务的,所有接口都在com.netflix.eureka.resources包下。拿注册为例:

com.netflix.eureka.resources.ApplicationResource(续约接口在InstanceResource里)

首先将PeerAwareInstanceRegistr的实例注入ApplicationResouce成员变量registry里。

private final PeerAwareInstanceRegistry registry;

ApplicationResource接收到请求(addInstance方法)后,调用registry.register()方法。

    /**
     * Registers information about a particular instance for an
     * {@link com.netflix.discovery.shared.Application}.
     *
     * @param info
     *            {@link InstanceInfo} information of the instance.
     * @param isReplication
     *            a header parameter containing information whether this is
     *            replicated from other nodes.
     */
    @POST
    @Consumes({"application/json", "application/xml"})
    public Response addInstance(InstanceInfo info,
                                @HeaderParam(PeerEurekaNode.HEADER_REPLICATION) String isReplication) {
        logger.debug("Registering instance {} (replication={})", info.getId(), isReplication);
        // validate that the instanceinfo contains all the necessary required fields
        if (isBlank(info.getId())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing instanceId").build();
        } else if (isBlank(info.getHostName())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing hostname").build();
        } else if (isBlank(info.getIPAddr())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing ip address").build();
        } else if (isBlank(info.getAppName())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing appName").build();
        } else if (!appName.equals(info.getAppName())) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Mismatched appName, expecting " + appName + " but was " + info.getAppName()).build();
        } else if (info.getDataCenterInfo() == null) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing dataCenterInfo").build();
        } else if (info.getDataCenterInfo().getName() == null) {
            return Response.status(400).entity("Missing dataCenterInfo Name").build();
        }

        // handle cases where clients may be registering with bad DataCenterInfo with missing data
        DataCenterInfo dataCenterInfo = info.getDataCenterInfo();
        if (dataCenterInfo instanceof UniqueIdentifier) {
            String dataCenterInfoId = ((UniqueIdentifier) dataCenterInfo).getId();
            if (isBlank(dataCenterInfoId)) {
                boolean experimental = "true".equalsIgnoreCase(serverConfig.getExperimental("registration.validation.dataCenterInfoId"));
                if (experimental) {
                    String entity = "DataCenterInfo of type " + dataCenterInfo.getClass() + " must contain a valid id";
                    return Response.status(400).entity(entity).build();
                } else if (dataCenterInfo instanceof AmazonInfo) {
                    AmazonInfo amazonInfo = (AmazonInfo) dataCenterInfo;
                    String effectiveId = amazonInfo.get(AmazonInfo.MetaDataKey.instanceId);
                    if (effectiveId == null) {
                        amazonInfo.getMetadata().put(AmazonInfo.MetaDataKey.instanceId.getName(), info.getId());
                    }
                } else {
                    logger.warn("Registering DataCenterInfo of type {} without an appropriate id", dataCenterInfo.getClass());
                }
            }
        }

        registry.register(info, "true".equals(isReplication));
        return Response.status(204).build();  // 204 to be backwards compatible
    }

AbstractInstanceRegistry在register方法里完成对服务信息的存储。

    /**
     * Registers a new instance with a given duration.
     *
     * @see com.netflix.eureka.lease.LeaseManager#register(java.lang.Object, int, boolean)
     */
    public void register(InstanceInfo registrant, int leaseDuration, boolean isReplication) {
        try {
            read.lock();
            Map<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>> gMap = registry.get(registrant.getAppName());
            REGISTER.increment(isReplication);
            if (gMap == null) {
                final ConcurrentHashMap<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>> gNewMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Lease<InstanceInfo>>();
                gMap = registry.putIfAbsent(registrant.getAppName(), gNewMap);
                if (gMap == null) {
                    gMap = gNewMap;
                }
            }
            Lease<InstanceInfo> existingLease = gMap.get(registrant.getId());
            // Retain the last dirty timestamp without overwriting it, if there is already a lease
            if (existingLease != null && (existingLease.getHolder() != null)) {
                Long existingLastDirtyTimestamp = existingLease.getHolder().getLastDirtyTimestamp();
                Long registrationLastDirtyTimestamp = registrant.getLastDirtyTimestamp();
                logger.debug("Existing lease found (existing={}, provided={}", existingLastDirtyTimestamp, registrationLastDirtyTimestamp);

                // this is a > instead of a >= because if the timestamps are equal, we still take the remote transmitted
                // InstanceInfo instead of the server local copy.
                if (existingLastDirtyTimestamp > registrationLastDirtyTimestamp) {
                    logger.warn("There is an existing lease and the existing lease's dirty timestamp {} is greater" +
                            " than the one that is being registered {}", existingLastDirtyTimestamp, registrationLastDirtyTimestamp);
                    logger.warn("Using the existing instanceInfo instead of the new instanceInfo as the registrant");
                    registrant = existingLease.getHolder();
                }
            } else {
                // The lease does not exist and hence it is a new registration
                synchronized (lock) {
                    if (this.expectedNumberOfClientsSendingRenews > 0) {
                        // Since the client wants to register it, increase the number of clients sending renews
                        this.expectedNumberOfClientsSendingRenews = this.expectedNumberOfClientsSendingRenews + 1;
                        updateRenewsPerMinThreshold();
                    }
                }
                logger.debug("No previous lease information found; it is new registration");
            }
            Lease<InstanceInfo> lease = new Lease<InstanceInfo>(registrant, leaseDuration);
            if (existingLease != null) {
                lease.setServiceUpTimestamp(existingLease.getServiceUpTimestamp());
            }
            gMap.put(registrant.getId(), lease);
            synchronized (recentRegisteredQueue) {
                recentRegisteredQueue.add(new Pair<Long, String>(
                        System.currentTimeMillis(),
                        registrant.getAppName() + "(" + registrant.getId() + ")"));
            }
            // This is where the initial state transfer of overridden status happens
            if (!InstanceStatus.UNKNOWN.equals(registrant.getOverriddenStatus())) {
                logger.debug("Found overridden status {} for instance {}. Checking to see if needs to be add to the "
                                + "overrides", registrant.getOverriddenStatus(), registrant.getId());
                if (!overriddenInstanceStatusMap.containsKey(registrant.getId())) {
                    logger.info("Not found overridden id {} and hence adding it", registrant.getId());
                    overriddenInstanceStatusMap.put(registrant.getId(), registrant.getOverriddenStatus());
                }
            }
            InstanceStatus overriddenStatusFromMap = overriddenInstanceStatusMap.get(registrant.getId());
            if (overriddenStatusFromMap != null) {
                logger.info("Storing overridden status {} from map", overriddenStatusFromMap);
                registrant.setOverriddenStatus(overriddenStatusFromMap);
            }

            // Set the status based on the overridden status rules
            InstanceStatus overriddenInstanceStatus = getOverriddenInstanceStatus(registrant, existingLease, isReplication);
            registrant.setStatusWithoutDirty(overriddenInstanceStatus);

            // If the lease is registered with UP status, set lease service up timestamp
            if (InstanceStatus.UP.equals(registrant.getStatus())) {
                lease.serviceUp();
            }
            registrant.setActionType(ActionType.ADDED);
            recentlyChangedQueue.add(new RecentlyChangedItem(lease));
            registrant.setLastUpdatedTimestamp();
            invalidateCache(registrant.getAppName(), registrant.getVIPAddress(), registrant.getSecureVipAddress());
            logger.info("Registered instance {}/{} with status {} (replication={})",
                    registrant.getAppName(), registrant.getId(), registrant.getStatus(), isReplication);
        } finally {
            read.unlock();
        }
    }

不难看出存储的数据结构,正是双层的HashMap。

 

Spring Cloud实战项目Jbone地址

github地址:https://github.com/417511458/jbone

码云地址:https://gitee.com/majunwei2017/jbone

马军伟
关于作者 马军伟
写的不错,支持一下

先给自己定个小目标,日更一新。